The EU Commission intends to increase these “achievements”. Indeed, the dependency on such agrochemical giants is due to even increase, since in amateur and professional horticulture the number of varieties that can actually be saved is shrinking fast. In addition, obligatory registration –which has no benefit for consumers – hinders the use of rare varieties, so that they are hardly available. Moreover, the registration is limited to historical varieties. “This is particularly short-sighted”, says Susanne Gura of the German umbrella organisation for crop and breed diversity. “Future generations are losing out”. For organic agriculture, the current possibility to register amateur varieties will be closed. The remaining option is to register under the main regular conditions, in particular homogeneity. It however, disqualifies a major strength of organic varieties: their naturally broad genetic equipment that enables adaptation to varyi ng environments.
In addition, a new industry-friendly principle is introduced, hidden in an annex: Farmers and gardeners are prohibited to sell seeds, if they produce food. This simple rule will be devastating for small enterprises, and it bans all professional farmers from doing what they have done since time immemorial: Save seeds from the harvest and exchange it with others to improve it
Intellectual property rights will be further strengthened: Protected varieties will have automatic access to the market. Patented plants material will enjoy easier market access as “heterogenous reproductive material”.